Chronic Conditions & Non Communicable Diseases

  • Chronic diseases and conditions—such as heart disease, stroke, cancer, type 2 diabetes, obesity, and arthritis—are the leading causes of death and disability in the United States. They are also among the most costly and preventable of all health problems.
  • Non Communicable Diseases (NCDs), primarily cardiovascular diseases, cancers, chronic respiratory diseases and diabetes, are responsible for 63% of all deaths worldwide (36 million out 57 million global deaths).
  • More than 9 million of all deaths attributed to NCDs occur before the age of 60.
  • Around the world, NCDs affect women and men almost equally.
  • NCDs are largely preventable through effective interventions that tackle shared risk factors, namely: tobacco use, unhealthy diet, physical inactivity and harmful use of alcohol
  • NCDs are not only a health problem but a development challenge as well. These diseases force many people into, or entrench them in poverty due to catastrophic expenditures for treatment. They also have a large impact on undercutting productivity.
  • Tobacco use kills nearly 6 million people a year. By 2020, this number will increase to 7.5 million, accounting for 10% of all deaths.
  • Eliminating major risks could prevent most NCDs. If the major risk factors for Chronic Conditions / Non Communicable Diseases were eliminated, 75% of heart disease, stroke and Type 2 diabetes would be prevented; and 40% of cancer would be prevented.